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Forex: CBN relaxes directive on Form ‘M’



CBN Sells FX to BDCs at N1,251/$1 to Ease Naira Street Value

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has issued a new directive on Form M, which indicates the apex bank has reversed earlier strict disallowance of opening the Form M for third parties by dealers.

In a circular on Thursday, the apex bank issued    fresh directives specifying conditions under which it could approve Form ‘Ms’ payment routed through buying companies.

Recall that earlier on August 24th, the CBN had issued a circular stating: “Authorised dealers are hereby directed to desist from opening Forms ‘M’ whose payment are routed through a buying company, agent or any other third parties.”

However, yesterday the apex bank issued another circular saying  that  internationally recognised buying companies    are also accepted as      ‘Ultimate Supplier of Goods’ and hence banks can open Form Ms whose payments are  routed through such agents.

The apex bank, however, said it will consider such Form Ms for approval subject to certain conditions

The circular titled “Re:  Destination Payment for All Forms M, Letter of Credit and Other Forms of Payment,”  and signed by the Director, Trade and Exchange Department of the CBN, Dr. Ozoemena Nnaji, stated: “Further to the Circular Ref. No. TED/FEM/FPC/GEN/01/005 of August 24, 2020, on the above subject and following different interpretations of the term “Ultimate Supplier of products”, Authorized Dealers and the General public are hereby notified of the following clarifications;

“That the provision of “Ultimate Supplier of products” shall be construed to mean “the direct party selling the goods to the Importer Irrespective of whether the party involved is the manufacturer or internationally recognized buying company/ supplier/agent.

“That the name of the “Ultimate Supplier of products” should be the same as the beneficiary on the Form “M’, Invoice, Bill of Exchange, Letter of Credit Instrument and any other relevant document to the transaction.

“That Authorised Dealers should ensure that payments are made only to the beneficiary whose name appears on the documents stated in (b) above.

“That where it is unavoidable that an importer chooses to use a buying company (other than the primary manufacturer), the importer shall make available the following documents (as applicable), for consideration and approval by the CBN before opening Form M.

“Detailed KYC and profile of the buying company; Three-Year Audited Financial Statement of the buying company; Letter of reference from the Buying Company’s banker stating relationship and capacity; Transfer pricing policy & arrangements in the home country. Registration with its home country’s Chamber of Commerce Evidence of tax payments in the home country; Evidence of authorization to act as agents and/or distributor to the Original equipment manufacturer.

“All authorized dealers are to ensure that the list of eligible third parties that meet the requirements above are submitted to the Bank for authentication before on boarding.”

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